Qabliyat vs. Qabooliyat

[These are rough notes of a talk delivered by Shaykh Arsalan Ahmed]

In deen their is qabooliyat, not qabliyat. Qabliyat is your capability to do something, and qabooliyat is your acceptance by Allah swt. If you look at history, our outlook has changed from qabooliyat to qabliyat as can be seen in the capitalist, industrialized society. Muslims look at smart philosophers or mathematicians and they think that if they don’t believe in a god, then there’s something to it, because these people are smart so they must know.

The thing is that, it is true, you may have many capabilities to do things in the world, and in the world this perspective may have allowed more stress on qabliyat as well. However, in deen it will always be qabooliyat, not qabliyat. If you really think about it, Nabi sws was an ummi, and he was also an orphan, these things were there. Combine all that with the barbarous Arabian society he sws belonged to.

This could cause a lot of distress for someone, that you are taking religion from someone like that? That you would let someone like that dictate life to you?  And the reason why most of the people who initially entered Islam were not rich or at a socially high ranking status (although some were), was because the rich and socially high ranking people (usually, but not always) end up having more love for this world. They hoard more. And they also have more arrogance, while deen requires people to leave their arrogance.

That’s why some of the brightest of minds in history have turned Atheists. Having intellectual genius in today’s age is like what having wealth was for Fir’aun. it made him so proud that he just couldn’t get over it and began proclaiming he is god! In a similar way, people today also want to proclaim some sort of stature as a god, when they think okay we are going to create the ‘moral code’. No, who do you think you are to create a moral code? They say we don’t need guidance. That is what fir’aun said too, that I’m the better lord, nauzubillah.

It’s not always about halal and haram. If you realize you have this problem, that you feel I do idle talk for 1 hour, then balance it out by giving 1 hour to Allah swt. This is balance. When you start balancing, you will realize that how much lazzat (sweetness) Allah swt has put into deen.

You can debate for hours on why music/interest should be haram. But you don’t have the haqeeqat: love for Allah swt, following Sunnah, azmat of Sahaba ra, in your heart. We don’t have this. People don’t understand this… gheebat is shadeed, it is worse than zina. And people take it lightly, they laugh and say tell me some new gheebat, tell me some juicy story! It is absolutely haram.

In fact every good deed that you do is also wasted if you get into this. You don’t understand that shaytan, by this time, has already entangled you in a web of sins. And when you do a good deed, shaytan laughs because he knows even if you do ibadah for for 2-3 hours, you will just end up wasting it away.

In Islam it is also important to leave some things. Sins cause a lack of barakah in rizq. It’s strange how it is in corporate culture these days, the man comes back home at 8 or 9 PM, even though his job ends at 5 PM. If you ask them, then they say, like one man said the girls at the office enjoy being there so much, so they stay late, and they put in extra hours. If we leave early, people will think we are not dedicated enough. So we also have to stay there late. They don’t want to go home. Even if they have halal at home, they choose the haram at the office.

A lot of you ask fuzool questions also. And then you feel proud that I should get a PhD for this question. A good question constitutes of asking the right person with right intention. Some people are so proud of themselves that I have asked so many people but could not find the answer to my question.

The way I see it is that you got a fuzool idea in your brain, and then Allah swt lets you go deep in this fuzool pursuit of yours, so much so k aap dar dar ki thokrein kha rahe hein, just to get the answer. If you were a real talib, you would have stood in tahajjud and asked Allah swt that I have this question because of which my imaan is having problem, so please help me find the answer. This is sincerity.

I have learnt the importance of asking good questions, a lesson which I will never forget! Once I was travelling with Shaykh Kamaluddin Ahmed. The flight was long, and since there were not many people around, in my mind I had thought I would talk to the Shaykh and benefit from his company, that I would ask him this question and that question.

When I saw the opportunity, I went and sat next to him. And so I asked a question. He asked why do you want to know? I said others ask this question. He said how many? I said many people! He said name them. I gave 2-3 names as well. Then there was an awkward silence and I started feeling like why did I even ask this question in the first place! Then he told me to go sit at the back and did not even look at me till he went back in the car.

Allah swt did not let technology develop till now. Only recently did we have internet/television. Because this is the time of fitnah. It has some benefits but mostly it has made people more lazy. We need to be careful about our time, careful about where we are spending it. We need to be sincere in our effort.

May Allah swt grant us qabooliyat and sincerity towards Him.


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